GONE WITH THE WIND. Margaret Mitchell (). PART ONE. CHAPTER I . Scarlett O'Hara was not beautiful, but men seldom realized it when caught by. realized it when caught by her charm as the Tarleton twins were. In her face were too sharply blended the delicate features of her mother, a Coast aristocrat of. turned off and the lights in the studio go down, and I think about what women them the way Act Like a Lady, Think Like Head First Design Patterns.
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Gone with the Wind. Margaret Mitchell. This web edition published by [email protected] Adelaide. Last updated Wednesday, December 17, at To the best of . Scarlett O'Hara was not beautiful, but men seldom realized it when caught by her charm as the Tarleton twins were. In her face were too sharply blended the. Gone With the Wind At the Southern heart of the Civil War A still from the movie, Gone With the Wind, directed by Victor Fleming. The Great Invader is.
However, if fighting conditions on the battlefield were terrible, meaning endless marches across the country to meet the Yankees until South Carolina, soldiers who managed to come back to Atlanta became a flow of agonizing human souls, begging to be healed by women and a few doctors available.
Providing food for the soldiers was not an issue because chicken, vegetables and hog meat were still plentiful, whereas beef and mutton were becoming more rare and expensive. However, for the people from Atlanta, food scarcity was not a problem yet; what was really scarce was the medicine to soothe the pain of those wounded soldiers. Legs had to be amputated due to an increase in gangrene and many soldiers were covered in lice, underfed and lost.
Linen and cotton bandages were too precious now to be thrown away when used, and every lady who nursed at the hospitals brought home baskets of bloody strips to be washed and ironed and returned for use on other sufferers. You must have been reading a newspaper! For your information, England will never help the Confederacy. England never bets on the underdog The Confederacy is doomed. People thus believed that it is going to be the last battle of the war, the battle that will solve it once and for all, in the first days of July.
But, at the small town of Gettysburg, a Union army blocks his way. This battle will be the biggest ever fought in the United States. It lasted three days of exhausting efforts in which more than 50, men were killed or wounded. Ashamed, on the fourth day, Lee retreated and he and his men marched back to reach the South. This defeat will never be forgotten and The Confederate Army will not be able to hold itself together and recover from it. Ashley returns home just to go off to war again, and we learn at the beginning of the sixteenth chapter, from January to February , that he was imprisoned at Rock Island, a prison camp in Illinois.
Rumor had it that, out of four men, a third will never be seen ever again. Ashley had a chance to escape this place by being enrolled by the Unionists to go West to fight the Indians, but he refused.
Melanie said that she would be much prouder of him if he died in Rock Island rather than take an oath and betray the Yankees and desert. And they will fight again and win! Think of — think of Thermopylae! In Atlanta, Scarlett stumbles upon a crowd of black people enrolling for the war. They were singing a popular song that, today, still bears a certain determination of freedom and rebellion with African Americans.
The famous jazz musician Louis Armstrong recorded and released a version of the song in Waaa-ay, do-own, in Eeejup laa-an! General Hood, who is one of his corps commanders, takes over the army.
In July, Sherman strikes at the little town of Decatur, at about six miles outside of Atlanta, to capture and to cut the railroad there, connecting Atlanta to Augusta, and Charleston and Wilmington to Virginia. A part of the population of women has gone to Macon, on the Ocmulgee River, a industrial town in central Georgia, fearing the shells of Atlanta. The name of Satan himself did not frighten her half so much.
This second part will allow me to go through the minds and actions of Southerners now that they are the underdogs of the War, and we will see how they manage to organize their resistance and how they perceive and terribly hate their enemies, who are, lest to forget, Americans just like they are.
The issue of slavery continues to divide the country. However, was slavery the only trouble toward which the Union fought? The war will be used as a justification for violence, seizures and injustices for the sake of a so-called will to reunite the nation. This will be, at least, the viewpoint of some angry and invaded Southerners.
II During and after the war : a desperate attempt to mend the past and learn from its mistakes, So as to get over it and build something new to forget the excruciating pain the North sent through the South's body. Fleeing from Atlanta during the twentieth and twenty-fourth chapters, Scarlett tries to get to Tara with her menagerie in a quivering and destroyed carriage, but the horse is thirsty, underfed and old. Besides, everyone is starving. In pain, she begins to think about her home, wondering whether or not Tara- her home is still standing or if it is gone with the wind which has swept through Georgia.
Were her parents still alive or was their house burnt down by fierce Yankees? As it turns out, her mother died the day before she arrived and her father has become old and anemic.
They never thought of anything unless they were told. And the Yankees wanted to free them! Her point of view is different from her original one, because she came to her own conclusion that if the North did not want to free the slaves in the South, none of this would have ever happened.
To her, freeing them is nonsense and many Southerners thought the same. Unfortunately, they have to bear the tensions of the war with the Yankees invading Atlanta and Georgia and have no say on the matter. When Scarlett asks why the Yankees did not burn the house, her father replies that the house was used as their Head Quarters. However, all the Yankees did not cause havoc or harm them.
Gerald O Hara goes on and explains that he could not possibly have left Tara. So he stayed. Soldiers needed food and places to live as the town was under siege. Some preferred to get a few miles away from Atlanta and concentrate on their strategies.
It should be noted that high-ranking officers and soldiers took the house, because it was not possible to seize every house for such purposes. Many raids only meant that Yankees would storm to some inhabitants' houses and steal whatever valuable things they could find.
We are in the middle of a crisis. Americans, stealing things from their citizens, violating the Fourth Amendment: Search and Seizure. When it is known that principles are not respected in time of wars, those tensions appear illegitimate in the eyes of slave owners.
Apart from this battle at Fort Sumter and the protests after Lincoln was elected, Southerners did not control anything else and the machinery of the war was launched against them. In the novel, they are clearly portrayed as the victims.
The slaves help their masters and they try to cling onto anything left. The invading Yankee is the only foe and the only reason to explain their woes.
So, as Scarlett had the idea to go back home, all she wanted to do was rely on her mother that she missed, but Ellen is dead. Now, nothing will ever be like it used to be. Prosperous and heaven- sent times definitely did fade away in the wind of cannons and cries.
A few pages later, she repeats that sense of lost security due to the war; to the point the reader realizes she is obsessed with it. Scarlet also wants to know whether cotton is still there or not, because Georgia was a huge cotton producer at the time and the Yankees had often requested to buy their product because the North is not warm enough to harvest and crop it. But this, also, is gone.
One hundred and fifty million dollars worth of cotton lost—at the time, it was a huge amount of money. Under the Fugitive Slave Act for instance, they would give a Southerner a Century Note to capture a runaway slave, as it was the case with a female slave, Emily. The young O Hara witnesses this wreck helplessly: ''A feeling that the beloved walls had been defiled rose in her.
People in ravaged villages have to fight against the enemy, either directly or indirectly by bearing their offenses and surviving them.
Trying to further see what is left during the twenty-fifth chapter, we learn that the Confederate States will now use cotton to levy taxes with it instead of money. To make matters worse, The Confederate government will take cotton for taxes in lieu of money, but three bales will not even cover a part of the taxes.
Therefore, old days are gone.
While she is alone, a Yankee comes to Tara with a horse. Silver was thrown in the well to avoid a seizure and valuable things were hidden. She killed a man, she realizes with horror that she had become a murderer, bold enough to defend her honor and life in front of the enemy. In the end, it turns out that she was rather proud of her courage and of her actions.
She then buries his body. In the following chapter, the Yankees return and Scarlett hides the money in Melanie's son's diaper. Soldiers rip open mattresses looking for money and when trying to take away Charles' sword, Wade knows that his father's sword belongs to him: ''The sergeant turned it in his hand, held the hilt up to the sunlight to read the engraved inscription.
For Gallantry. Buena Vista. Part Four : Chapter 31 : January We learn that Rhett was seen killing a ''nigger'' as that ''nigger'' insulted a black woman, so since Scarlett needs money to pay the taxes in Tara, three hundred dollars to be exact, she goes to the jail to see him when she learns that he might be hanged and tries to tell him that she would like to receive money from him in return she will be his mistress.
But Rhett replies that his money is not available now, so he had to decline her offer. However, the divide is still there. Although the battles of The Civil War are over now and Atlanta recovers step by step, the good old days are gone and the population has to consent living with The Yankees, settled in town among Southerners.
Former slaves, now free men, start to have an important role in the city, they are dressed with dignity and they can run their own business.
Rhett and Scarlett meet again and he lends her money to buy a sawmill, in the thirty-sixth chapter. In the spring of as the Reconstruction period begins, work is available and there are many Yankees in town. The Reconstruction period was the time after the American Civil War when the Southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union. Hereafter, Scarlett starts to call such reintegrated people "carpetbaggers", a person from the North who went down to the South after the Civil War to make a profit.
From her sawmill, she is now selling lumber to Yankees and Yankees are building houses for the ''carpetbaggers''. Atlanta turns a blind-eye to it, but they whispered She still hates the Yankees just as much as before, but she silences her principles for now. She also has to meet Yankee women and she hates them. Scarlett notes with scorn that mulattoes, interracial black and white couples, are beginning to appear in town.
However, even though she thinks that Yankees were stupid and nothing else is expected from them anyway, the divide between the North and the South is still deep, despite the end of the war. As proof, secret organizations were still protesting against this newly established nationwide order to defend The Cause, Ashley and Rhett were members of the Ku Klux Klan, a secret society of white Southerners in the United States, formed in the 19th century to resist the emancipation of slaves, which used terrorist tactics to suppress Black people From the , American English, ''Kuklux Klan'', also known as KKK is a made-up name, supposedly from Gk.
Originally an organization of former Confederate officers and soldiers, it was put down by the U. Revived in as a national racist Protestant fraternal organization, it gained prominence but died out in the s.
The group had a smaller national revival in the s as an anti-civil rights group, later with anti-government leanings. But, had the men not promised they would not belong to the Klan?
Again, we face a crisis within the minds of rebellious Southerners, who still think that this war was fought just to humiliate them, and they gradually despise former slaves because African Americans are now in power in town, over white people, as the fiftieth chapter opens. Part Five : Elections are held in Atlanta and Democrats temporarily won, but during Christmas , when Scarlett is twenty-eight years old and Rhett forty-five and now married; the Republicans are back in power.
The supremacy of the North over the South is complete. And Rhett is now gone with the wind, so Scarlett goes back to Tara because nothing ever mattered to her except her land. She just needed The Civil War to realize that very fact.
An in medias res travel back to through a vision allows the reader to understand what the Civil War meant for a Southern State like Georgia. Atlanta is the symbol of the resistance of the South against the North. Before the war, it was a prosperous, productive and rich city, whose equilibrium, like Sparta's helots, relied upon cotton gathered by enslaved and black hands.
As the storm of the Civil War passed over the town, it swept away the old times when slave owners were in power and could produce the goods that the North needed but could not grow on its own. It is in this atmosphere that the reader got to know the points of views of many men and of a woman, whose fate was torn by the war. Wedded three times, tortured by the course of the war, losing her first two husbands due to it, and helplessly watching her third going away, filled with scorn and desolation that the old times would never come back, to her, Scarlett embodies the figure of the South.
She is this careless and prosperous Atlanta at first, who had to understand the war and kill a man to defend her liberty, who was stronger than a man because she always believed in her land and that her roots were her only source of courage. At around a thousand pages, it was the longest book I had ever read.
And, again, I was enthralled.
The book was full of subplots and secondary characters—a fully imagined world in which to immerse myself. This was the first time I realized that a book could be better than the movie.
The Civil War was only incidental to my early love for the book. Later, as I came to learn more about the war and Reconstruction, and particularly the ways African Americans were treated and mistreated, I found it difficult to muster up much affection for the movie when I watched it on television.
Not that I would consider missing it—I just felt bad, and slightly ashamed, about enjoying it. At the Brattle Theatre until March 3. The story, which revolves around the feisty and manipulative Scarlett O'Hara Vivien Leigh , offers a reminiscent glimpse at a part of Americana known as "The Old South. For the production of Gone With the Wind, which lasted three years and used up half a million feet of film, Selznick Studios chose to use the newly developed Technicolor process introduced in which was affectionately named after inventor Herbert Kalmus' alma mater, MIT.
The system used three negatives, one sensitive to blues, another to reds, and the third to yellows. Special cameras were used which exposed the three separate strips of film simultaneously through a single lens using a prismatic beam-splitter behind the lens.
The process was so complicated that the Technicolor Corporation actually provided its own cameramen and equipment. Throughout the 's, Technicolor was so expensive and tricky to work with that it was used mainly for Disney animation, where the director could have complete control over the actors and circumstances.